Effects of Spinal Cord Injury Level on the Activity of Shoulder Muscles During Wheelchair PropulsionBy Mulroy, Sara J., PhD, PT; Farrokhi, Shawn, DPT; Newsam, Craig J., DPT; Perry, Jacquelin, MD, ScD; Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 85, No. 6, pp. 925-934
Publication Date: June 2004
Study conducted to determine the influence of spinal cord injury level on shoulder muscle function during wheelchair propulsion. A sample of 69 men who used wheelchairs participated in the study. The participants were placed in four groups based on level of spinal cord injury (SCI). Shoulder muscle activity was documented during propulsion with bipolar, fine-wire electrodes inserted into anterior, middle, and posterior portions of the deltoid, the sternal portion of the pectoralis major, lower serratus anterior middle trapezius, spraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and long heads of the biceps brachii and triceps brachii. A rigid-frame, lightweight wheelchair was used for the propulsion trials. The researchers found that level of SCI significantly affected the shoulder muscle recruitment patterns during wheelchair propulsion.
Published by: W.B. Saunders Company, a division of Elsevier Health Sciences (Website:http://us.elsevierhealth.com)
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Web Site: http://www.aapmr.org/ )
American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (Web Site: http://www.acrm.org )
This publication is included in the library of the National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC), accession number J47724